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International Journal of Recirculating Aquaculture (IJRA) uses the latest editions of Webster’s New International Dictionary and Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary for standard spellings and word definitions. All spellings should be in “American English.” Foreign or science-related terminology that is unfamiliar and does not appear in these dictionaries will require an accompanying definition.
Acceptable scientific and common names of fishes are listed in A List of Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada published by the American Fisheries Society. Scientific names should be italicized (e.g. Oreochromis niloticus). Common names may be used throughout the paper, but must be accompanied by a full scientific name when they first appear in a paper. The author must use the full common name, e.g., “yellow perch” not “perch.”
Each page should be sequentially numbered and continuous line numbers (do not restart line numbering on each page). Double-space all typed material, including references. Text should be 12 pt font using Times New Roman, Arial, or Calibri font.
Organization of the Manuscript
Within the text, references are cited in one of three ways:
Fisher (2006) evaluated the role of laboratories,
The role of laboratories was evaluated (Fisher 2006),
The role of laboratories was evaluated by Fisher (2006).
When there are two authors, list first and second name in the citation:
When there are three or more authors, list only the first in a citation and follow that with et al.:
When several citations are used in a single entry, they should be listed chronologically. If you are citing two papers that were written by the same author or sets of authors, the name only has to appear once per citation, and the name is followed by the years that designate the different papers; separate the years with commas. If you are citing two authors, you must separate the citations with a semicolon: (Schenkel 1999, 2006; Rusch 2004).
If the name of an Institutional author is long, it can be abbreviated in a citation, so long as the full name appears in the references (e.g., National Institute for Food and Agriculture may be abbreviated as NIFA).
In the reference section, the reference list is strictly alphabetical by last name of the first author. If an author has written more than one paper, the following format should be followed: All single-authored papers go first, followed by coauthored papers, and then the papers that were written by three or more authors. If an author has written more than one single-authored paper, the papers are listed chronologically. If an author has written more than one co-authored paper, they are listed alphabetically by the second author’s last name. If a tandem has authored two or more papers, the order is chronological. Papers written by the same group of three or more authors should be listed chronologically.
Tables and Tables Legend
Each Table should have an associated heading in the table legends section. The legend must provide sufficient information for each Table to be understood as a stand-alone entity. Keep footnotes to a minimum. Each table should be uploaded separately.
Each Figure should have an associated heading in the figure legends. The legend must provide sufficient information for each Figure to be understood as a stand-alone entity. Each figure or photograph (300 dpi) must be prepared and submitted as an individual file. Do not include figures of photographs in the same file as the main manuscript.
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.